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Influences in architecture of Louis Kahn

Kahn's architecture was influenced by various trends which he incorporated into his design process.

Louis Isadore Kahn (1901-1974), a renowned architect whose work ran from Philadelphia, Yale and in general, in Pennsylvania, developed a method of composition characterized by a large number of sources of inspiration.

Generally, the design of your plants is of great forcefulness. Posed very metaphysical architecture, as a faithful follower of the modern movement. Their combined work as project architect and architectural theorist, he did make such resounding phrases as "the order is" or "the order form is under construction."

The example of the library at Phillips Exeter Academy

The above features can be observed in a concrete example, the library at Phillips Exeter Academy, is a classical space, closed and with great inner complexity. Another example that clarifies the way they design, is the center unit of Rochester. In it, the forms are closed and covered acquired great prominence, since unlike other previous examples of the modern movement (read Wright's Unity Temple), are flat slabs formed by flowing into infinity, but are tilted, allowing the building is enclosed in itself.

A third example is similar to the Fischer House.

Kahn and his influences

Despite the particular way of making architecture of Kahn, his style does not come from nothing, but is the product of a wide range of influences. His method of composition, then, is the result of many sources of inspiration.

The first was his teacher Paul Cret, formed in Paris in Beuax Arts Academy (refer to article entitled "The method of composition in the Beaux Arts Academy"), the core elements in which this school articulated its design, such as particular, the character, transparency volume, variety and contrast, and the march and the focal point, are easily recognizable in the project of the municipal library of Indianapolis, in Cret.

The American Library is associated with the loan desk, that is associated with the particular. Unlike European American libraries provide the volumes to be read elsewhere. Therefore, determining a shaft to the counter, which is the particular, and also the focal point which determines the axis of travel.

The second source of Kahn is the work of Kaufmann "The architecture of the illustration. It studies the origin of the modern movement, considering that arises Boullée and Ledoux, which until now had not appeared in the history of architecture. Kaufmann's work, which analyzes these revolutionary architects that made with volumes rounded, inspire Kahn.

The third reason, it is the Boullée as author, take volumes and treatment of light. As a fourth and fifth influence, respectively, Kahn is supported by Choisy and Viollet le Duc, the first observed conception of architecture as a form, part or object, architectural engineering as well, the second, meanwhile, takes the constructive definition of exquisite detail, and thus the structural rationalism, which will feature prominently in the work of Kahn.

Finally, the sixth Guadet influence is that Kahn brings to the identification and distinction between served and servant spaces, between parent and child spaces.

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